Note 7 - Fair Value Measurement
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 25, 2021
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Fair Value Disclosures [Text Block]||
Note 7. Fair Value Measurement
ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements” ("ASC 820") defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) and (2) an entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3).
The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 are described below:
In determining the fair value of warrants, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible as well as considers counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value.
Upon issuance on April 27, 2021 and at June 26, 2021, the prefunded warrants liability was measured at fair value. On July 28, 2021, the Company and the holder amended the terms of the Prefunded Warrants to restrict the holder’s option to require cash payment at the Black-Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of the holder’s Prefunded Warrants to only Fundamental Transactions that are within the Company’s control. Because of this modification of the put-option provision, the Prefunded Warrants are no longer required to be classified as a liability under either ASC 480, "Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity", or ASC 815, "Derivatives and Hedging", guidance and do not include any embedded features that require bifurcation. Therefore, the Prefunded Warrants liability were remeasured on the modification date and reclassified to equity (See Note 8 – Sale of Common Stock and Prefunded Warrants).
The Company’s fair value hierarchies for its financial assets and liabilities which require fair value measurement on a recurring basis are as follows:
During the nine months ended December 25, 2021 and the year ended March 27, 2021, there were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 assets or liabilities reported at fair value and the valuation techniques used did not change compared to the Company’s established practice.
The Company’s common stock fair value is a significant Level 3 input affecting the valuation of the prefunded warrants.
The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities during the nine months ended December 25, 2021, which were measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
There were no assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and there were no assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis at December 25, 2021 and March 27, 2021. There were no liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis at March 27, 2021.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef